What Do Jains Worship? Exploring Jain Practices

What Do Jains Worship

What Do Jains Worship In?


In the realm of Jainism, a religion renowned for its principles of non-violence (ahimsa) and spiritual asceticism, the question of worship is intriguing. Unlike many other religions, Jains do not worship a singular deity or creator figure. Instead, their spiritual practices revolve around profound principles and reverence for enlightened beings. Let’s delve into the intricacies of what Jains worship in and how their religious practices manifest.

The Concept of Worship in Jainism

Understanding Jain Philosophy

Jainism, one of the oldest religions originating from ancient India, centers around the teachings of Tirthankaras, spiritual leaders who have attained perfect knowledge (kevala jnana). These revered beings, also known as Jinas or ‘conquerors’, are not gods but exemplary humans who have transcended the cycle of birth and death.

Worship Practices

Jain worship primarily involves rituals and acts of reverence directed towards Tirthankaras, especially the twenty-four. ones known in Jain tradition. Here’s how worship manifests in Jain practice:

  • Puja: Ritual worship involving offerings of flowers, rice, and incense at temples and home altars.
  • Meditation: Contemplation on the qualities of Tirthankaras and spiritual purification through introspection.
  • Fasting: A common practice among Jains to purify the mind and body.

Sacred Objects and Symbols

The Role of Symbols

Symbols hold significant importance in Jainism, representing philosophical concepts and ideals. Key symbols include:

  • Swastika: Symbolizing the four states of existence (birth, life, decay, and death).
  • Jain Flag: Consisting of five colors representing the five vows (ahimsa, truthfulness, non-stealing, celibacy, and non-attachment).
  • Mangal Deevo: An oil lamp symbolizing the light of knowledge and the dispelling of ignorance.
  • ARHUM: A sacred syllable representing the teachings of the Tirthankaras and the essence of Jainism.
  • Hrim: Another sacred syllable used in Jain mantras, symbolizing the divine energy and purity.
  • Jain Ashtamangala: Eight auspicious symbols including the Swastika, Shrivatsa, Nandavarta, Vardhamanaka, Bhadrasana, Kalasha, Minayugala, and Darpana, representing various aspects of Jain philosophy.
  • Jain Hand: The hand with a wheel on the palm, symbolizing non-violence and the resolve to halt the cycle of reincarnation.
  • Jain Om/Aum: A sacred sound and spiritual icon in Jainism, representing the essence of the universe.

Sacred Objects

Certain objects hold deep significance for Jains:

  • Kalasha: A pot filled with water and topped with mango leaves and a coconut, symbolizing auspiciousness and completeness.
  • Dhvaja: Flags hoisted atop Jain temples, symbolizing the Jain faith and marking sacred spaces.

Jain Temples and Architecture

Architectural Marvels

Jain temples (derasaras) are renowned for their intricate architecture and serene ambiance. Features include:

  • Dome: Symbolizing the cosmos and the vastness of Jain teachings.
  • Toranas: Elaborate gateways adorned with intricate carvings depicting Jain cosmology and history.

Pilgrimage Sites

Prominent Jain pilgrimage sites include:

  • Shikharji: Located in Jharkhand, India, it is believed to be the site where twenty of the twenty-four Tirthankaras attained moksha.
  • Dilwara Temples: Located on Mount Abu, these temples are renowned for their stunning marble architecture and intricate carvings.

Jainism in the Modern World

Jain Population and Influence

Jainism, though relatively small in numbers compared to other major religions, has a profound influence:

  • Population: Approximately 4.5 million Jains worldwide, primarily in India and diaspora communities in North America and Europe.
  • Vegetarianism: Jains are known for their strict vegetarian diet, adhering to principles of non-violence towards all living beings.


In conclusion, Jain worship is a deeply spiritual practice centered around reverence for enlightened beings and adherence to principles of non-violence and asceticism. Through rituals, meditation, and adherence to vows, Jains seek spiritual liberation and ethical living. The symbolism and architecture associated with Jain temples further enrich their religious practices, offering devotees a physical space to connect with their spiritual beliefs. As Jainism continues to influence global conversations on ethics and spirituality, its teachings of compassion and non-violence resonate across diverse cultures and societies.

By exploring what Jains worship in, we gain insights into a profound spiritual tradition that values harmony with all living beings and seeks enlightenment through disciplined practice and ethical conduct.

Author: Admin
Jain Sattva writes about Jain culture. Explore teachings, rituals, and philosophy for a deeper understanding of this ancient faith.

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